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Everything You Ever Wanted to Know About Life Insurance, From a Guy You Don't Want to Hear From Again.

This is article writing that I did not get paid for.
Jon Pelletier

We Have Many Options - Perhaps it is Best to Take the Most Secure:

The RBC Life Insurance Company provides a very important way to protect a family. It is very simple plan that can result in ones beneficiaries living with a tax-free benefit upon ones death. The money can do many things for them including paying for education, paying off debts and covering the expenses of a funeral.

Many people have employer-provided plans, but these can be insufficient to fund the beneficiary’s lifestyle. This coverage also may not continue if the job is lost. There are also stories of companies taking the entire worth of a life insurance policy and keeping it for their own uses. This can be a hurtful reality that haunts a family long after the pain of bereavement is gone. A simple way around these issues is to purchase your life insurance from a bank, such as the Royal Bank of Canada.

RBC Insurance provides affordable life insurance that is custom fitted to suit your personal budget, lifestyle and needs at all times throughout your life and offers the possibility to change ones plan as situations improve or decline. They offer four options to suit the customer’s needs: Term life insurance, permanent life insurance, universal life insurance and personal accident insurance. All of these provide security to a family so the breadwinners do not have to worry about what their children would eat without them.

With life insurance from the Royal Bank of Canada, the customer can feel sure that there is strength, stability and prowess behind their decision. RBC is a substantial group of insurance companies, in fact, it is the largest group own by a bank in Canada.

The Possibility of a Kind and Generous Empire:

American Home Life Insurance Company is a mutual company that is owned by the policy owners, not stockholders and corporate people. They are licenced to do business in 24 states providing individual life and annuity products. The company was incorporated in 1909 with the intention of serving Kansas, and it did so until 1912 when it merged with American Mutual Life Insurance Company and assumed the name “American Home Life Insurance Company.”

Since then, they have increased in size and innovated many concepts, while providing efficient, courteous and effective service to everyone who works for the company and those that provide the companies bottom line.

Because it is a mutual company the policyholders, who have a say in how the company is run, pay the sales force. The cash is reserved and paid out, as it would be in any insurance company. The company has over $1.6 billion in life insurance policies in active duty and over $164 million under management. Over the years they have provided of $192 million to beneficiaries and policyholders.

American Home Life Insurance Company is one of America’s most trusted companies. It caters to the needs of the common people, although it is one of the largest insurance providers. It is possible that they have created their image as such a positive one, but it is difficult to find negative information regarding them. This is most likely a sign of a reasonable and very kind company. The possibility of this company losing its assets and turning belly-up is very low, as it has a long history and a large number of people paying in to the mutual insurance company.

Is It Best to Go With the Giant On This One?

Genworth Life and Health Insurance Company is an insurance provider that is now called Genworth Financial. They now specialize in helping people attain peace of mind and bring their dreams to reality. It is important to protect one’s loved ones, especially if you are the primary supporter and caregiver, paying the bills and owning the home. Life is a fickle thing, that doesn’t last long enough some times, and Genworth provides a service that can let you sleep at night knowing that your dependents will be taken care of once you have shed your mortal coil.

Genworth wrote their first policy in 1871 as the Life Insurance Company of Virginia and since that day have been committed to providing a helping hand towards security and financial freedom. They are a publicly traded global financial security company that holds upwards of $100 billion in assets. They have a place in over 25 companies. They are a Fortune 500 company and ranked in Standard & Poor’s Index of Leading US Companies. They are doing very well in insurance.

They work with distribution partners worldwide and pride themselves on their employees, who apply skills and dedication to bring positive change to an uncertain world. They explain that the greatest asset to ones financial plan is a simple life insurance policy, as it will protect those dearest to their client in time of utmost crisis and pain. This is the key behind any life insurance agency, though Genworth may be the best option due to the company’s vast size and corporate power.

Award Winning Option in Low Cost Life Insurance:

The Jefferson National Life Insurance Company has been doing business since 1937 when they were founded in Texas, USA. They are now headquartered in Louisville, KY. They have vast experience offing life insurance and long-term investment products to 49 states and D.C. They have a successful history of providing low-overhead and simple term insurance and are very proud to have remade the variable annuity industry with their innovative products such as Monument Advisor.

Although they are a low cost life insurance provider, they have amassed a fortune over their 70-year history. Their assets are listed at $1.3 billion, while their available capital is worth $5 million and they run a net surplus of $18.3 million. They pride themselves on having strong capital, a large amount of cash in statutory reserves and a high quality investment portfolio.

Jefferson National was recently named a finalist in the 2011 Stevie® Awards for sales and customer service. This is following 15 top awards in 2010, starting with two “Leader Awards” from the Summit Emerging Media Awards.

One of the reasons Jefferson National is able to provide low-cost product solutions to customers is because they have developed a totally automated process for helping clients and their consultants. This revolutionary technology provides account information, client statements, financial planning tools, online modeling tools and many customer allocation tools. The staff at Jefferson Financial consists of wise and seasoned financial experts. They look specifically for those people who have a wealth of experience in finance to provide their support and service.

A Brief History of A Large Insurance Group:

The American Public Life Insurance Group is a member of the American Fidelity Group. They understand that life cannot always be the way it is expected and sometimes the ups are as common as the downs. It is why they offer many products in the life supplemental health insurance genre. Going through times of hardship is difficult. If the person has a series of dependent children or elders who need them to provide monetary support, a place to live or care they must take the time to provide security for themselves. This is what life insurance is for. Benefits paid by the American Public Life Insurance Group will help pay many out-of-pocket expenses that add up when accident or illness take the client away. It is a dark trade, but one that is utterly needed.

They provide many life insurance options, which include permanent, term, children’s, accident only and insurances specific to various diseases or ailments. Although it is impossible to emotionally compensate for a loss with the payment of money, it is important that the death of a loved one does not result in huge payments and massive debt loads. Some of the better features of their permanent life insurance policy are that the rates are guaranteed not to increase, that there is a guaranteed level death benefit to age 100, your investment will accumulate with time and they provide nicotine and non-nicotine rates.

The American Public Lie Insurance Company was founded in 1945 with offices in Missouri and Oklahoma. They are now licenced to do business in 49 states and the District of Columbia. For many years they focused of work insurance, giving the client the ability to add coverage they would not otherwise have to their basic insurance plan.

One of Many Options in the Competitive World of Life Insurance:

The Combined Life Insurance Company of New York provides supplemental insurance in the United States of America. Supplemental insurance is additional insurance upon your current plan that helps the client purchase things that standard insurance doesn’t cover. There are many people that do not have the insurance they need to provide for their loved ones if tragedy strikes and they are gone.

The Combined Life Insurance Company of New York website explains five basic tenets that about the ways they will protect their clients and their families. They provide the client first with peace of mind benefits that will help pay for expenses regarding the death of the client and any left over mortgage and debt payments. This money can be very helpful to those that have taken time off of work to help a dieing relative.

They provide “whole life protection” up until their client is age 100. The insurance comes into effect the second or third year that the policy is in action. So if one is accepted to one of the coverage plans by the Combined Life Insurance Company of New York and live past 100 years of age they believe that you long life is special enough to characterize the lack of coverage for your aging or now retired descendents, that should have their lives together and life insurance plans of their own by now.

If this company’s insurance plan covers one, they can gain their benefits while they are still living if one goes through the process of requesting them. There is also an optional accidental death benefit plan that is available if the person is younger than 65. This pays double.

Providing Solid Customer Support Is a Bonus:

American Medical Security Life Insurance provides flexible insurance policies for many Americans and claim that every day more people are turning to them for coverage. They pride themselves of being adaptable and competitive and are efficiently serving America through independent brokers and quality health-care providers. The company was rated “Excellent” by A.M. Best in 2006 based on their financial and operation performance.

This company came into being when American Medical Security Inc and United Wisconsin Life Insurance Company became one entity. AMS is a stock based company incorporated in 1966. It is located in Green Bay, Wisconson, USA. It provides life insurance coverage for more than 259 000 members. The beneficial nature of life insurance explains that the customer must be aware of the causes and beliefs of their insurance provider. The key is finding what is necessary. If one does not understand the coverage they can become lost in the creative and confusing wording of legal documents.

In 2001 AMS implemented a partnership with the Pivotal Healthcare Demand Chain Network Solution Suite, which leverages proven prowess providing global eBusiness infrastructure to AMS to enable the company to maximize revenues and improve customer retention. Using this program AMS is able to merge the capabilities of customer relationship management, web-based selling, eMarketing and eService into a streamlined concept to speed up online agent support and services. This allowed the company to once again become a proven leader in the industry by caring for their customers in a faithful and direct way.


Shawn Casey: By Jon Pelletier

Trying to freelance one time, I got asked to write seven quick articles about Shawn Casey. I was never paid, so I put them on my blog. I don't know anything about this guy, honestly. I was just trying to make a buck.

Tips for Online Marketing, Brought To Us By an Expert:

If a lot of time has gone into your website, yet you still cannot find the results you hoped for, you need the help of Shawn Casey. His successful career as an entrepreneur, attorney, publisher, author and teacher has brought him an incredible resume and us some great advice. He is very willing to share the secrets that has let his startup media company Mining Gold Corporation earn him $30 million since 1999. He shares this by teaching exclusive classes and through his short and wise blog posts. His experiences have helped over 113 000 people in 119 countries reach their online marketing goals.

In 1995 he was given an opportunity to become CEO and President of Success Development International. With his guidance, SDI was named to Inc. Magazine’s highly regarded Inc. 500 list of the quickest growing private companies in America two times. And he is giving his advice away for free!

His blog can be found at

Successful Media Man Makes Time For the Little Guy:

Online marketing guru Shawn Casey can explain how to market a website to get the best possible results. And time is of the essence, as we all hope for the best possible results for our efforts. His tips can be found at His websites include brief summarizations regarding how to build a stronger recipients lists, how to get much more traffic to your website, the law of attraction, Internet marketing, domain investing and personal development.

Since 1999, Shawn Casey has sold more than $30 million of his top of the line media products and services. His job is to share his knowledge and help his clients start and grow their own online business. Mr. Casey has a tremendous resume including founder and CEO of Mining Gold Corporation, which provides premier media products and continues with experiences as an attorney, publisher, author and teacher.

His experiences give him rare qualifications to help upstart companies reach their goals.

The True Potential of People on the Internet:

Shawn Casey is a successful self-made millionaire, famous for taking inquiring minds through step-by-step processes to succeed on the Internet with a home business. He does wild promotional activities, like in 2007, when he was giving away $500 “business in a box” software. Mr. Casey is renowned for promoting joint ventures, a common business practice that has served him well in his years. His writing also discusses recipient lists, gaining traffic to a website, the law of attraction, Internet marketing, domain investing and personal development.

A person similar to us, Shawn Casey has a wife and three daughters. He is an avid golfer and enjoys playing guitar. He visualizes his accomplishments. The favorite part of his job is helping people succeed in achieving their goals. The difference between him and most people is that Shawn Casey makes $600 000 on a good week at the office. The good news is he is willing to teach us how.

Be Careful of Sharks Under the Internet:

A victim of a scam reported to that after signing up for Shawn Casey’s “No Limits – No Excuses Internet Apprentice Program,” which was to include a 12-month program of coaching sessions and the promise of getting rich within 60 days. The victim claims to have paid $7986 up front for nothing. The victim furthers the report by saying an automated voice was convincing enough to make her record an automated message.

After two months of trying to log on to the website, a victim who claims to be very computer literate tells a tale of setting up the “Money Tree” websites that were paid for, to no avail. The website itself did not work. She demanded a refund and got lucky, because she did not open the packages that were sent to her. The packages she was sent were said to be her free bonus materials, listed as non-refundable and worth nearly $7986, what she paid for the scam to begin with.

They’ll Take Your Money – Mining Gold Corporation

Many people received an email from Shawn Casey at Mining Gold Corporation regarding the release of his $497 “Internet Business-In-A-Box.” It claimed on the website to be a multi-media training course teaching the client how to make a fortune on the Internet in 60 days. Of course, this may not have come in to your inbox as some e-mail hosts list mail from Shawn Casey as spam.

A victim of the scam reported to that after signing up for the “No Limits – No Excuses Internet Apprentice Program,” which was to include a 12-month program of coaching sessions. The victim claims the first call asked for her to invest more money than she had already sent in order to get started. She continued with the program, only to record a message that would ask others to sign up for the program and make money. She claims she paid $7986 up front for nothing.

Get Rich Quick – An Important Idea to Avoid

Shawn Casey in a well-known Internet marketing expert, multi-millionaire and bright individual, but is he a scam artist? Some may say that his products don’t work and his business is a true hustle, there to take the money and run. The key is that he doesn’t sugar coat his techniques.

His philosophy is one taking the western world by storm. The theory is that one just has to visualize the money coming in and it will. It is a matter of attitude. But Shawn Casey’s track record proves that he will endorse almost any product that he sees an opportunity to exploit. Can you really trust anyone who endorses anything just for money? There are many complaints regarding his practices, nearly as well documented as the pro-Casey work he is accused of planting on the Internet to continue his scams.

Shawn Casey promises he can tell you how to get rich quick. This is a refrain that has been known as a surefire scam alert for many, many years.

The Wisdom of a Life Marketing Media:

Shawn Casey would like to tell you something. “List building,” he writes, “Is – without a doubt- the most important thing you can do to build a profitable and successful business.” And he should know, since 1999 Shawn Casey has sold more than $30 million of his premier media services and products acting now as the founder and CEO of Mining Gold Corporation. He continues to explain that it is essential for a startup company to build a list of subscribers.

His Internet marketing blog also explains many tactics for getting traffic to your website. This is one of the more difficult aspects of building a web-based company. There are many sites online. He recommends interacting with people by using sites like Facebook and Twitter, writing articles that have proper search engine optimization, commenting on other blogs and paying for adds to drive traffic towards your product. You have put a lot of time into your website, why not get the results you deserve?
The painting blinked. The writer is torn between these initial thoughts. He knew there was religion, if nothing else. Who is this man to destroy humanity?

Norman Shins lived in a large bland city known as Festin. It was tall and strong and grey with stunning skyscrapers made of glass but a thick fog that held them from those on the streets below. He was a bookkeeper and wanted to make an honest living. His fame came from his lies that told of two friends that really had their say.

He wrote one note that stated boldly:
“They knew of only one man who stayed in a form of madness that seemed out of place in an otherwise matriarchal household. “

This was odd in Festin, and odd for Norman Shins. He had a tendency to write aimless letters with bad grammar and more small marks from tears than of punctuation. In the factory he worked, the main platforms were brown, small rectangular rows and columns he needed to fill with minute details of the past days work. This meant he stayed up late pushing paper nearly every night.

This would have been lonely to some but he had a colleague who felt forced to keep him company in the same small cubicle. This action was simply because the boss needed to instill fear and power for respect. He had nothing that truly bothered him besides the small gap between the blades of the forks and he told that to Norman every night at dinner.

It was easier to believe in that sort of thing than tear the tormenting darkness in the world away from his inner light. It helped keep him centered.

Norman sometimes thought aloud that he was the only fair bookkeeper in this land. He may have thought he were the only fair person. Their leaders and the common folk held strange regard for those who abused their power and set this norm. It started as fear, Norman figured, but became a triumph of culture to demand people did one’s bidding.

But Norman just kept books. His boss would command to make sense of things on threat that he would simply die. It was he or his staff, in the end, as Norman and his cubicle partner Harold needed this position to keep their mortal shell.

Neither had family to care for. That seemed for the best because it was how their boss had raised them. No one had a family in this land. The eerie Darkened Guards would take all children to the nearest orphanage as soon as they were born. It was considered a sin to avoid telling a superior that you were expecting a birth.

It was argued that this sped the process of growing.
Studies backed by the Main Office of Ready Birth in Festin suggested that orphaned children left home and became self sufficient much quicker than those children coming from more affluent backgrounds. Norman was sure that some simply died though the official numbers that were available to the public stated clearly that overbearing parents often ceased the development of their otherwise stable and capable children.

Norman turned one night to his only true friend and said, “Harold, we have no mortal shell outside this office. You sleep two blocks away and I sleep one block away. Is this what life is?”

Harold refused to answer and they did not speak the rest of the night, passing even at the end of the night when Norman waved as they took their leave and headed in opposite directions from the front gate outside the building and into a hazy morning light.

So the next night Norman asked the same question.

Still Harold just looked at his books. Silently and simultaneously they wondered and subliminally left the office without missing a pen stroke. By some sort of luck, or perhaps just fate, the papers moved away and they found a small grey book.

This book appeared old, as the inside cover claimed it was written in 2009. Harold read the title to Norman in a calm yet nervous manner, trying to hide his glee and shaking hands. The title was bold and black on a simple matte white background. It was gritty to the touch. A symbol neither man knew was in the center, marking a brief red outline that played tricks with their eyes.

“So You Say You’ve Committed Genocide – A Handbook For Going to Hell.”

Marketing Team Evaluation:

Our marketing team is gaining a tremendous education regarding important marketing concepts. It has been fun reading the business plans and analyses regarding Pepsi-Co and the Frito-Lay Corporation. It has given us a positive outlook towards corporate America as one can easily reason that with consumer demand for environmental action and care the monolithic corporations that have integrated their products into our day to day lives will begin to make necessary changes for the continuation of our planet. Their motive is their bottom line and consumer power indicates that the more we demand responsibility the more they will be responsible, because people like thinking that eating a bag of chips will save the world.

This is an important life lesson, one of many our team has learned while working together. Although we sometimes discuss other topics, we have been able to do the assigned work properly. We understand that it is our team that is important to the success of our individual work, so we have helped each other in other areas of the class as well.

Our project will be a shining example of completion, concentration, cooperation and conscious minds. Our group can rest peacefully with minds that know the concerns of people aimlessly bickering and nagging are not ours. We are both in school as mature students, aiming at education, not a state of hitting the metaphoric snooze alarm, and this allows us to bring our full value to the table. It creates a team that is ready to take on the world, starting with a marketing class finishing with a trade show presentation.

We Have to Be Here, So This City is a Pyramid Somewhere By Jon Pelletier

We Have to Be Here,
So This City is a Pyramid Somewhere

By Jon Pelletier

This novel is woven around the question of whether we are alive or dead. In his manic dreams the author decides he is trapped between lives and in deep trouble. When he finally learns about himself, a creature saves him from the myth that is haunting him. Our hero is finally released from limbo into a city he used to dream about and soon falls asleep to find he is working for the higher power, much to his dismay, perhaps trying to become a righteous ghost.

Why is he being chased through lives by a creature trying to trap him in a sack? Or are these mystic creatures only trying to scare him straight? How does one escape from the trappings of strange realms? This work of fiction is a novel represented as a collection of short stories, to connote the absurdist realities of such spiritual topics. Nobody can know for certain any belief, as it uses concepts and words created by an imperfect human.

On the back cover it must be made clear that the protagonist is always the same person. Although his name and form sometimes change the story is being told of one man dieing many times as he is quickly passing from Earth to some other place. The deaths are sometimes hidden, sometimes abrupt, always cunning and lightly dosed with humor, allowing our hero to learn lessons about his personality and soul’s eternal weight.

This is fiction by a young and distinct writer. Although I am just beginning to send my work away to publishers and agents, I have entered five contests in the past 5 years. I won an honorable mention from the 2006 CBC Short Story Contest with one of the stories that is in this book and I won the three-hour writing contest earlier this year, receiving college credit. I have rarely been published outside of Okanagan College, but I am hoping that I could begin to make my living by writing books. My plan is to pay my way through further schooling by royalties and published work. I also have two other completed books, one fiction and one non-fiction.

I Should Call My Mother Suzanna:

I should phone my mother, as I was hit with a bad flu.
It has been a coughing matter sent towards dead landscapes. I was clearing air and doing things purposefully. It is the Jabberwocky show, a perhaps poltergeist. Dear, I have been ill, smoking too much, cold, bad fever. But I have been surviving. My immune system is stronger after the battle. The battlefield is torn and smoking. I have a hair bottle and a dearly hated man in my sights. He lives upon smells, hair, small kids and death kneels but he made it, too.

And here I am doing nothing. Do I want to be here?

Who is the leader of this next story? She is eighteen. She is a dear to me meditative battle, filling my head with angst and medicine. She is a shoulder to cry on, a white spell farting on the Jabberwocky television show. We are flying over Canada in an airplane, looking at outlandish cities sticking out of the landscape like a cartoon and boundaries or map-lines below.

Is she the girl from Jabberwocky? Is she here to talk with me and tell me my dreams? Or does she do this to everyone? She has a dark name. Black is bluer with her on my troubled mind. But these words are just personal freedom.

This may be a turning point. The sun peeks through the clouds and my window. Good times should follow this, sir. All will be well again. First I must relate this story as best I can. I should be better at hiding my beliefs. If I had been, all this would have been avoided.

These were cheap prayers from a man developing sloth in order to save my reign and tear a whole new man out of this blueprint. They continued, though it seems rather arbitrary as I have little room and much to say. I hold the inner light but am afflicted with one upheaval. It was a scummy little bar that had a bad habit of playing Tijuana brass. And I had but one simple refrain, my true and dear simple prayer.

Truly I bow to this reckless wish. He held a red gun. I had a stapler. His knees hurt and they were not hiring weirdoes. It is sad because I feel like a daft able man next to him. The righteous consciousness joins another while they sleep.

An utter and disparaging loneliness seeps into me. So I drink beer. And she laughs, because she loves me. Another round pull my eyes together like glass orbs or a knife hurting me such as John would stab hunger through me. Sirens wail in the distance.

But I hope I haven’t left you with the impression this story is about me.

The man leaves down the stairwell and out the door. The beginning light of every day chases this man to his car and he runs towards it in a black suit. The knife is thrown on to the seat and he starts the car. The black Cadillac pulls into the dawn. This dark man smiles and lights a cigarette. I had not seen him every before, or since, for that matter.

He is now sitting with Mother Suzanna. The dark man is wearing his black suit with a dark fedora. It is hard to tell if it is also black, as they sit near the back in a booth and write silly lines back and forth. The technical spark is myself, a loner with failed knees. His heart sank.

He reached for the bell and was swatted by Mother Suzanna. His hand flew back in fear. Mother Suzanna wrapped her hands of this diner booth, “It’s a shame we can’t smoke in here.” The man never wore anything but black suits. He smoked three packs a day. Mother Suzanna didn’t smoke. She also wore black suits.

Later, the halo on his windshield shone in brilliant purple and red. The crack up the middle separated the bright sun. He sniffed a quick line and drove a little faster. He felt burnt and reached for his cigarettes. He lit one and adjusted the mirror so he could look directly into his eyes. It is about what Mother Suzanna sees, so she can report it. The man had wasted an hour on the freeway so he pulled into an exit leading to a park where his car wasted no time slowing to the point of idle recreation. He had very little to do. He imagined ghouls banging on metal tables and hooting into the wind. A smile broke over his lips.

He knew what she would tell him, “I looked into the secret life of plants. I left a shutter camera out over a few days and watched how they moved and manipulated their environment. I watched how flowers form.”

The man sat coldly staring over his dashboard and into the empty green space. He knew that somewhere a femme fatale held a wine glass. A ray of dusty sun shines off the coffee table made of glass. But all parties are afraid to look.

“People make mistakes, sir,” the man would have to tell his boss, “I was left to the wolves. What else could I have done?”

And his boss would laugh. He would sip his morning coffee and say, “You will never flee these ghouls.” The man choked and heard his boss continue, “The grim reality is that you are scared.”

“They won’t get me,” the man said aloud to the empty car and green space.

He heard the femme fatale chime in, “Don’t let them, kiddo.” She stood from the high table. She excused herself and marched quickly out the front door of the shop. She passed the newsman with a smile. She passed a beggar at a quicker pace. Two men who worked a construction site whistled. And the man was still alone in his car.

The ghouls stayed with him. He had heard the noise and came across two laughing men and a pool of blood. Happy days and shared interests, one supposes. The ghouls vanish and the man has little to do but laugh maniacally.

Our hero writes a brief list for me:

1. Call a gargoyle.
2. Three perfect crystals.
3. I sleep in fame.
4. Death becomes me.
5. There is little I can do yet a prayer may send us past it.

Conspiracies and cutting jobs, dark asking and jewels, hard line carnies and festival lights, happy gnomes and figurative laughing, it was a generous banquet. I am the writer who orders another beer, watching, waiting and trying to find the ghouls.

Mother Suzanna shone a green light upon him. The man was watching THC flow through his veins and he looked puzzled. It was beginning to darken in the late afternoon. He thought of the queen. Was she still the Queen? He needed to discipline himself. The writer had many empty books to write in, and the man could tell they were all about him. So he struggled with his coffee and laughed about his press pass. He had sent many manuscripts away, yet very few had been accepted.

He prayed he could pay his rent. He had $2000 dollars to his name, $1400 hundred to play with and $600 to keep at all costs. He was smart but socially awkward. He may have been famous in past lives, but that is neither here nor now. His goal is to have his work studied after his death. It had been his goal many years when it finally happened. The man should listen because the advice was golden. He shattered parental tension. He failed at gatherings. He had the economy. He could transform.

Casual encounters first, then taking steps for breathing. He sheltered himself from the mid-day sun but now that it was gone he was thinking of the Tijuana brass music that leaked out the diner doorway at about three in the afternoon. He was a sometimes prophet but paid five dollars for roaches he found in an ashtray. He had the blues.

He was found near the entrance of the alleyway sucking on a filtered cigarette. He had given up cigars for his health but felt obliged to continue smoking for the sake of his aches and pains. He had worked at a smelter his whole adult life. Now it was closing and his town would change. His friends would leave, finally. They had been threatening relocation for years.

He owned a thoroughbred horse. The thought at the time was that it was a success and an investment. It had paid little in cash but it was a good social detail. He would talk of it when he needed to increase his class or if the time was right. He told himself to feel good. He had food in the cupboard, a roof over his head and the need for at least two quilts. He was doing things on purpose.

But we were all his pawns. We all move according to his whims. In the end we will all work for him. The refusal to love Mother Suzanna has repercussions. Things are illegal due to the divine word and some are illegally against that. The infinite word is one that many ghosts and gargoyles protect. Many people fight this infinite word and fail to become trapped in the world they have created. Some become trapped as ghosts. Some leave this world to find a reception of pain. It is ill advised to deserve this.

The word of man is not the word of the above world. This world is tainted. Men have a common trait to waste time slowly. Men are tainted by ego and self-deprecation. The divine think past those menial words. They spew out into a thought that the femme fatale is yet to find. It is of the unknown. It is the elder of the two that is determined to be correct in his varied situation.

This so enraged the gargoyles that they put a guard in the air to follow the man in the black suit and Mother Suzanna as if they raced against him. The goal at the end would be a million dollar purse. The gargoyles had the man pass through empty and invisible gates to track his movement. And there the man sat, in his idling black Cadillac.

So he put the car in drive and moved it through the dirty street when he realized that the gargoyle had set a trap inside his car. He heard two children laughing and it kept him up at night. It didn’t matter much what his personality was like at this point but he lived trying to get it back. It was the same as it ever was, as if he knew any better.

The car turned and was headed west, chasing the sun as it fell behind a skyscraper in the distance. He lowered the blind and adjusted himself in the seat. He turned the wheel and headed north to a shady thoroughfare. It was here that he would ask a man for money.

As he pulled into the bar parking lot he noted how empty the block was. He quickly made his way inside, away from the world.

“Could I have a glass or juice,” he croaked, “And perhaps a chocolate chip cookie?”

Enter the two cats from the battle of Emregon. They were two cartoon-like light green balls with goofy eyes and lanky legs and spent their time tracing around the man and his femme fatale. They had brought little reaction from her or the barman. The one on the left held a staff and laughed at bad jokes. There was something about anti-humor. It always seemed to break the ice.

The barman handed him juice and a cookie. “Thank you,” he said grittily. He sipped it as if it were dark scotch and turned to the woman to his right. She placed her hand on the table and the small green men stopped marching.

“Now we’re sucking the government teat,” she said.
The man giggled and asked her to call Whacky Chris.
She pressed a speed dial button on her phone within two rings he was on the other line singing a fancy song.
She asked him to take the two green men from the barroom. The man was sure of this because they laughed and moved towards the doorway.
The man smiled at her, “So the deal is on it’s way through?”
She nodded.

Later he felt like he may have wronged the woman, and it was tearing him up inside. He felt certain that he had a heart. He imagined the way she talked, her attitude, the way she looked, eyes that were tremendously blue and she wore a Government of Canada suit and smock. They were friends of the old tie and demanded the kids to listen. They lived in warehouses on plushy pillows. Their families were the other kids that lived in the warehouse. He had always banked on that. He always wanted those opposite things. He was well fed now but had not always had such luxury.

The light changed and he pulled his vehicle through the intersection. He looked for an audience, smiling as he waved. The distance traveled down the road and back allowed him to unravel. He was passed the asteroid belts and far worlds.

He recalled trips to Vegas as his car slowed down. But a banshee trapped him, wailing towards him so he could murder the poor. A still light and whole worlds left him bare, as if a sectional sofa was left in the deep woods on some island that was only his.

He felt successful and accomplished. He felt disenfranchised and tough. He had a butterfly knife to swing around his knuckles. The banshee wailed just arms length away from him. She was old and haggard around the face. He held his place and swung the knife twice at her. The first she did not flinch, the second swing ripped through her arm. It was another apparition for this man.

And even harder mathematic equations created a torrent. Idle muses haunted him by the evening, as the Gods plan a new sun. He wanted to capture the example he had played by. He thought of other work, but his madness continued with a simple rapping at his window. It was keeping him up at night.

He needed to sell his idea to the subscribers, or perhaps move in and conquer someone else by video taping an artist, asking him interesting questions. If he could mask himself later, this first draft would not hold his own.

This was not our hero’s point, although it may be circumstantial. At this point it might be good to state that the protagonist of this story was the whole time in contact with these varied and symbiotic characters and was in fact a thief.

The others were spellbound by his beliefs, resolve, determination and guile to face the world that treated him so poorly. The inspiration he had promised the other young artists came like a flash and in a moment he had left. For this they could do little else but thank him, not to his face or in a letter. But under their breath they thanked their luck in anger that they had not become so jaded that they treated the charity of others in such a way. This man in effect saved the others from squandering the life they were so blessed to receive.

The man had nothing of value except a blues harp and was motionless sitting in an empty lot of a rail depot that had seen far better days. There was nobody near the man. He held his grip tight and blew in the lonely silence. He had a secure petition and a lovely instrument. And though he had not thought of his mother in years, suddenly she became rather prominent. She was killed early in his life by a man she owed money to.

He was on his own in a tired and dreary world. He found friends in the urgent city somewhere in the poorest depths. But the murder was never investigated. She was his only mother and the police did not recognize the crime. One like so many, flying through the dead bureaucracy in this ill-fated city. She had words like the others but this fell unknown to his self and it made dark reminder of his youth.

He stole to provide a drug habit but never really drank. He never laughed nor cried. He split the page in two. He lit the night sky and looked at his letters. They were unopened and drafts blew into his house and perched on a round glass table. The other chair moved though it was empty and the man approached the second chair. He shivered as a force that would leave him approached. He boarded with energy and noted the door was unmoving and in fact was a deep sphere.

He read his favorite prayer by memory. If hell was what he favored he thought he would be mighty happy. It had no impact but he prayed for insecurity that the man held his aim through. He had prayed for her enough that tidbits of the Lord strained a lonely backseat with roses crumbling at half-mast. He had it this time, he thought of the two friends talking.

They would have been sitting there but they were not. It was probably for the best. But that little smiling girl from Jabberwocky was placed on the window or a turn of the candle. She danced like his world across the wall as the light flickered and landed somewhere beside the man who killed me.

Neither of us showed it, but we would race passed the trees, brooks and fences. We took liberty to slide on the bike tires as we strove to love our Father. We found nothing in obsessing over various trends or mercenary movement. Various people would raise our liberty and show that nobody and no force would take our measure as lead. In the end, your soul with all its earmarks will come to rest like mine. The faithful always claim to live in the light.

“So how do I know you are not a freemason?” the man asked.
“Had they taken them in fascist states?” I replied
“Answer the question,” he spoke firmly.

I stood motionless and surveyed his face. He rapped against the table and stated his demands again flatly. I struggled to respond.

“I believe they are mostly harmless.”

He struck the table again, “You God damned fool, get out!”

Civilization started with indoor plumbing and genocide because the Creator is cool as shit. This is a literal handbook. They hold all of his artists. They each took three days to incorporate the influx. The trouble with humor is that the President and other evil people holding guns drive Cadillacs. Do you think he will kill again? It is a topic that never left our opinion, but perhaps these men are chosen well in advance.

But one hundred years of genocide is enough. The literacy rate is higher now and many are happy to work. He was an accountant once again. Three years of school and he knew the technology of the world before. He was an accountant then, too. It is best to be near money, “Maybe I can hold some,” he thought.

It is a textbook case of literacy.

I suppose he read for the fun of it. A servant of the dire lord, I take it for granted that I eat daily. So thank you. There by I am a disgrace to all living men. The only illness you fall into is a blank line spending three days in a coffin and if you fall asleep you chase a demon. This ill will is finally your torture. Did you ever notice the TV screen?

The man’s cigarette broke and the cherry fell out, “Damned thing can’t light,” he muttered under his breath. He was malarkey living like C. S. Lewis writing Alice in Wonderland. And perhaps it was all for a child in the same way.

Of course, near the end of all time, the Actual Freemason is the still around guy. A still around, stuck in a staying around kind of mood, the still around guy at the end. “That’s my goat-boy,” she said.

They asked me to leave and I left rather quickly. I held them to it, saving the last of the paranoid. The overwhelming reality of their true cause made idle small talk with those who were true journalists. They held him to it, folding less of the paranoid. Only the reasonable, the witty and the idle judged the irresponsible. And only the lonely are idle. The red tape and pants are a gonzo truth.

Real writers are much obliged.
Real writers need to be watched.

They told the man nothing. It was utter gibberish, garbage. Magic impulses and manic outcries, though he believed it all. Only the reference held a man half interested in believing. He sat idly searching and pulling words from other’s thoughts. He would never leave Los Angeles again. I take that back, the LA of the north, Vancouver. It is a city of only red cars, but then we found this black Cadillac.

He needed coffee like he needed a bag of hammers to the side of his head but he stopped in anyways. The delusion was grated and the dreams succeeded to make sure he belonged to Mother Suzanna. The whole beverage was on her dime. So he asked to put “The Needle and the Damage Done” in the CD player. He never imagined it would keep him up at night. It was just the scratch of the minute where he stared out the window. But that never kept him up at night. She would, she might grab his arm.

It was a classy joint, he thought, the Devil’s burnouts and white trash. He argued with the cashier enough to turn the next page. The whole restaurant turned on him. It was as if his fly was undone as he paced the counter with a smile. He had to leave and go elsewhere. The highway would be right. He could just drive away.

There was nowhere he could hide. He struck the steering wheel and allowed his car to drive itself down the straight and narrow highway. It was for the best.

His person conquest was one that trailed off. The turnpike was draining him. Traffic was getting worse and he knew that if he wanted to run away he had to do so now. He would do what the doctor would not. The damned were noted and two of the acid trips he had done recently caused an accidental ghoul. The draw of nicotine and coffee would save his note. If he ever left the depression the jitters would come. There was nothing up the middle or at the window.
Nothing would keep him up at night.


Maybe if I find the ape he will guide us away from the wolves. It was the chance we missed last time.

I simply asked for salt and explain that everything we reply could very well be a false statement. I explain that the drink is strong and the salt eases in down. So far we feel fine but expect these dire wolves to close in abruptly. The Doctor remarks we are again entering Pawn County, if the man sitting in front of us keeps calling us down.

The Doctor was calm and deliberate stating, "Righteousness that was the issue last time. We searched for the wrong people. Our first mistake was making plans to find traces of an orgy of metal and smoke on an airport runway. Do you think that?”
Steve Spectacle replies, “The issue is we forgot to check with the Mole-People."

I remain silent a moment and recall the old story.
Moleman is a myth based around the workings of a homeless man who takes people and puts them in a large burlap sack. They say he is very apparent in Las Vegas. We even heard he works to save souls.

At this time disgusting arrays of people tell us we are breaking every rule of the air and sea. In defense we explain we are good law abiding citizens of Festin, like all the others. The Doctor was misinformed.

"The trick," I tell him, "Is to beat these fools literally."
“Maybe we should test you when we land.” Dr. Misinformed shouts towards a conversation he is not part of.

Fools think the trouble with Las Vegas is the homeless folk cannot help their stature in life. We are soon to discover the intolerant majority is the problem. The men and women of the street seemed afraid of the lights and sounds of the casino district.
But did they even realize it was there?

We asked many people on our tapes to define the American dream. The broad consensus of people told us the American Dream is opportunity. The others told us it was gambling. Most of the homeless mole people had never heard the term. Once, we had a quick reference from an obviously cold-dead woman. She may have been trapped in the dream once, or maybe she worked around that burnt lot in the center of the city.

So is Moleman is real or a myth? They say around my hometown that he lives alone in the darkness of the hills. But as of yet I have not mentioned that he refuses to take souls of those who hold sage. The people of earth told me this story as a child growing up. But this is Las Vegas, and we were about as far from perdition as you can get.

Is Moleman heroin in perdition? It may be the only issue on the minds of parents of teenagers, as the mayor has admitted that he sold the dope through the police in the 24-hour store parking lot next to the main local High School.
He had always mentioned the name with a tone of, "High's Cool." I had never noted that in writing, but I admit the whole town was cloaked an odd silence as he attempted to kill me. That is the trouble with running for office if you have enemies in high places.

But back to the point:

"This America is not what we want it to be." He told us. Somehow he referenced a word or two about Britain. This was strange enough at the time for me write it down. These homeless rarely talked of anything of the like. The debate whether Britain existed was quite a hassle on our recorded tape. This was recorded from memory, as it was only static when we listened later. I may have been shaking. I was scared from the ghosts we were seeing.

Was the mayor a mole person?
Why the city police pick him up just as we left?
Was he the Moleman we requested?

I came back to tea across from a strange Santa Claus having trouble keeping illicit admissions private. I looked his way as we sat peering at crack dealers outside and a very nice Australian woman.

And we are on the streak that got us into trouble last time. But we know better now. We left our casino before losing our path and shopped quickly at the staple store. On the street as we left the casino one of these strange mole people told me we must, as the key was to attach papers together. Though we cannot find the person who told us this. We bought one for us and one for her. I also bought a satchel to hold my modern disk for various files that I know about but these people seem to not.

The Australian lady accused me of stealing as we paid. I told them I worked very hard for my disks and she noted that I had no way to pay. A thief outside the Stapler Superstore had lifted my credit card as we crossed a fake placid light and camera filled void known as Las Vegas Boulevard. The doctor didn’t mind the twenty-dollar bill. I paid him back later, as it was the righteous thing to do.

Sun Chips Advertising:

Sun Chips has used a multi-faceted advertising campaign that runs the gamete from word of mouth, blog postings and viral online videos to billboard campaigns and prime time TV advertisements. The central theme of their modern campaign is based around how their company is helping environmental causes and using new techniques to help the world. They have explained their role as an industry leader for environmental causes through an intensive campaign that is a mix of mass media and viral campaigns.

This is nowhere more prevalent than with television news coverage of their new bag being “too loud” for the common consumer. After a massive advertising campaign telling the world that they had this new packaging, people revolted against their caring ways and complained about the bag being much too loud. The variety of YouTube videos with outraged consumers performing decibel tests and screaming obscenities towards those who have made this step was staggering. Quiet snacking surprised the world by appearing to be more important to the average consumer than care for the planet. Sun Chips responded to accusations of inconsiderate noise by quickly withdrawing its environmentally friendly bag in the United States. They soon replaced it with a new, quieter bag available now. This trouble has given Sun Chips a lot of free publicity.

News reports also covered the change at Sun Chips and did not forget to note Frito-Lays factories have been modified to run on solar power. This is a wonderful way to gain publicity, especially for noble causes like those of Sun Chips. It is a strange note regarding humanity that compels a thinking person to wonder why the public was this outraged by the new bag’s noise. With no ill will towards the people, Sun Chips simply did what the people asked. Then, as fickle as people can be, they were outraged and shamed by the corporation and demanded the compostable bags back. Sun Chips again complied, costing Frito-Lay a small fortune. This time they made the bags quieter and hopefully those same YouTube users can remain still, compliant and happy with their choice in snack food.

Sun Chips are also found as free samples. Workers stand in convenience stores and supermarkets serving small portions of the chips in hopes that the passerby’s will enjoy them enough to purchase an entire bag of chips. This form of personal selling is usually an advertisement for a new flavor, but sometimes the old favorites like Harvest Cheddar are available. This is very profitable for Frito-Lay as it reminds impulsive consumers that these chips are delicious and many of them decide that it is time to purchase a bag, even though they haven’t bought one in a long time. Samples and personal selling of the product goes hand in hand with the most common reason people know of Sun Chips, mass distribution.

When Sun Chips became socially responsible and environmentally friendly they were accused of spending as much money advertising their newfound purity as they did upgrading their factories and making the new bags. Some of the money went to building interesting billboards that harnessed the power of the sun to create a shadow that wrote the Sun Chips logo on a billboard or the street below. They also created a fantastic print campaign and placed advertisements in many well-read magazines and newspapers. This media campaign did as much for the brand as their online campaign.

Before the public began to complain about the noise created by the new compostable bags, Sun Chips joined forces with National Geographic to give away $20000 to the person who gives the best way to care for the environment daily. They also joined forces with and as a major sponsor to the website were mentioned often as corporate leaders in environmental causes. At this website they began a contest similar to the National Geographic one, only Earth911 was giving away $100000. These friendly gestures did very little to Frito-Lay’s bottom line, but positively boosted the corporation’s image to the general public.

Documents Regarding SEOPressor: By Jon Pelletier

Save Time, Get More Hits.

SEOPressor is a downloadable plug-in available for use on WordPress blogging sites. It is known to go above and beyond other search engine optimization (SEO) programs. This program sets out to help your website reach the much sought after top three places in the results for major search engines. It is developed specifically for Google and uses their top-secret algorithm that finds the web pages to return as results. The program automatically adds SEO keywords to the body text and heading of your webpage.

SEOPressor’s finest attribute is the key to its success. The variety of optimization tools makes this program “The Most Impressive SEO Plug-in of 2010.” It is simple to use and once the system is understood the writer will be able to optimize a website quickly and free of doubt. SEOPressor shows the user the chance of landing at the top of the search engine results with the writing provided and then explains how to increase this chance. It also has automated tools to help the process.

Google and Daniel Tan Help Bloggers Get More Readers:

SEOPressor is an automated WordPress Blog plug-in that successfully adds in depth search engine optimization (SEO) to blog posts. After the user places the required keyword into the program the user sets the density level that is necessary to leave the article both easily readable and optimized for placement near the top of the search engine results regarding that topic. It does this by using a top-secret algorithm used in the programming at Google to find the websites gathered as search results. The result is a revolutionary and very impressive program that will reveal your website’s true potential,

SEOPressor will explain to the user what is necessary to get the best search engine rankings from every post. It will check the title and body text of the document, ensuring they withdraw the most SEO leverage possible regarding the keyword typed into the program. This has simplified matters and saved many people much time.

There Has To Be A Better Way:

How much time do you put in to optimizing your blog for search engines? Many people do not take enough time and sit wondering why they cannot get higher in the rankings of search engine results. It is especially difficult to reach the top 3, a ranking much yearned for as it will make your website one of the most reputable on the Internet. There is a myth that sites like Google are paid to allow sites to land first. This is not true. Google uses a top-secret algorithm to find websites that have exactly what you are looking for.

SEOPressor by famed programmer Daniel Tan uses this top-secret algorithm to increase your search engine optimization (SEO). This will change the way your website is viewed and will create much more traffic to your blog, no matter what it is regarding. It is very easy to use and works by inserting your chosen keywords in important places in your article.

Famed SEO Expert Up To New Tricks:

SEOPressor is a WordPress Blog plug-in that automatically adds search engine optimization (SEO) to the title and body text of an online document. This is helpful in reaching the coveted top 3 spots in search engine results. A program like this can increase the value of your website tenfold by leading more people to your articles. Daniel Tan, the famed inventor of Rank Mover, Ultimate RSS Joiner, Press Release Cash Cow and Backlinks Syndication System, created this revolutionary program.

SEOPressor will explain exactly what is necessary in every post to get the best possible search engine rankings. It automatically checks two key elements of your written work, ensuring your heading and document extricate the maximum SEO leverage for your topic or keyword. The strongest factor regarding the capabilities of SEOPressor is the variety of ways it can be used to make the best page possible. It costs 37$ and is available online, payable though the newest, most convenient methods.

Program Helps Gain Online Visitors, Save Time

SEOPressor goes above and beyond other search engine optimization (SEO) programs. Available for the WordPress website it can help your website reach the acclaimed top 3 on major search engine websites. This can make your website the go to address for the topic you choose to write about. The program adds to the search engine optimization to the title and body text of your online work. SEO expert Daniel Tan created SEOPressor and many other programs revolving around this industry.

SEOPressor’s strongest attribute is the variety of optimization tools that are available within the program. You are able to place keywords to any content as you please and you will have great control over the links and keywords are used on your site. It is very simple to operate and once you get a feel for the system your website will easily become optimized for placement at the top of search engine.

Successful Bloggers Share A Secret:

Daniel Tan is a well-known search engine optimization (SEO) expert and software developer. He has created many programs to make a website’s traffic flow stronger. Amongst these developments is SEOPressor, an impressive search engine optimizer that is designed for Google and proven by Google analytics. Mr. Tan created this program for use on his own website and it has given him some serious results. It is now available for public use with WordPress, downloadable for only $37.

SEOPressor has received stunning reviews from some reputable bloggers, easily found in search engines as they claim this product works fabulously. The product tells you how effective the SEO regarding the blog post is before it is posted so that the writer can decide whether or not to follow through with the automated keyword entry system. The user can decide how thickly they want their keywords throughout the article. This will save bloggers much time and that really is the most valuable resource.

A New Wave of Search Engine Optimization:

Daniel Tan has created an impressive online plug-in for search engine optimization (SEO) that has revolutionized the way websites and blogs are written and posted. SEOPressor is a plug-in available for WordPress Blogs that will help raise your website to the top 3 spots on the major search engines, simply by having the proper words in the text. It is based on a top secret algorithm used by Google to find websites and by placing the proper words within your text your website will come up in websites much more often. But be careful, if you set the SEO density too high, the document will become hilariously unreadable.
SEOPressor is in a family of programs created by Daniel Tan that have a very noble pedigree. Other programs by Daniel Tan include the Backlinks Syndication System, Rank Mover, Ultimate RSS Joiner and Press Release Cash Cow. With a family like this, you know that SEOPressor is going to work great. Reviews regarding SEOPressor shine while explaining its many fabulous features.


Learning Disability:
A learning disability is not a sign that a child lacks intelligence. A person with a learning disability cannot increase focus, make a better effort or motivate themselves more own their own volition. They require aid and need to learn how to do such things. This is caused by a variation in the brain that affects how education is received, attended to and recounted. People with learning disabilities a hard pressed to process some kinds of information because they perceive and understand the world differently.

There have been great scientific strides regarding the workings of human brains, and a particular concept that holds hope for those with learning disabilities is commonly referred to as neuroplasticity. This concept explains that the brain has a lifelong ability to naturally change and form new connections. It can even generate new brain cells when it responds to education and experiences. Knowledge such as this has led to a breakthrough in treating learning disabilities, as we are trying to utilize the neuroplasticity of the brain.

Discovering your child’s learning disability can be troubling, as it is believed that such an issue could stand between the student and success. It is important to remember the role of parenting in a child’s success. The way the parent behaves and does is the most pressing matter regarding the eventual success of a child. Although having a good outlook will not solve the problem, positive suggestion can give a child confidence that things will improve and explain that they are worthwhile.

Common learning disabilities can cause problems with motor function, math, language, reading, writing and auditory or visual processing. Dyslexia causes problems with reading, writing, spelling and speaking. Dyscalculia causes problems with math, time and calculating the use of money. Dysgraphia causes problems spelling, writing and organizing ideas. Dyspraxia causes problems with dexterity, coordination and balance. Auditory processing disorder causes problems with reading, comprehension and language, as it is difficult to tell the differences between sounds. Visual processing disorder causes problems with math, reading, maps, symbols, charts and other images.

Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder:
Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder is not considered a learning disability, but can disrupt education. People with ADHD have trouble staying still, remaining focused, listening to or following instructions, keeping themselves organized and completing assignments that they have agreed to do.

Children are supposed to want to run around outside and play games while they should to be in school. It is normal for kids to not do their homework, pass time in class by daydreaming, act impulsively, fidget or be a nuisance. These are also considered signs of ADD/ADHD. This disorder appears in the beginning stages of a child’s life. It makes it difficult for a child to discount spontaneous urges, responses to authority figures that can involve anything from wanting to move, speaking of turn or an unwillingness to pay attention. These signs of ADD/ADHD usually appear before the age of seven. However, it can be very difficult to define the difference between attention deficit disorder and common and natural child behavior. If the child shows the symptoms only sometimes, it is most likely just the child being a kid. Although, if the child exhibits the signs at all times and no matter what the situation, it may be time to have him checked out by a doctor. The three major signs of ADD/ADHD are inattention, hyperactive behavior and impulsive actions.

Inattention can be explained as a child that does not pay mind to details or makes simple, careless mistakes. This child may have trouble staying focused and will be easily distracted. The child will appear to not be listening while being spoken to and will also have difficulty remembering things and following instructions. These may cause trouble at home as it will appear that the child does not care. The child will also have trouble staying organized, planning things in advance and following through with projects. He will also frequently lose homework, toys, books and other items.

The most noticeable sign of ADD/ADHD is hyperactivity. A hyperactive child will fidget or squirm constantly. He will often leave his seat in school, especially in situations where sitting quietly is requested or expected. The child will move around inappropriately, often running or climbing. One will also notice the child talking almost constantly, as if they cannot play quietly. These children are always going at the fastest possible rate, often tapping their foot, shaking their leg or drumming their fingers.

Impulsivity can cause trouble with the child’s self control. They will censor themselves less than other children, often offending authority figures and getting into trouble. They interrupt conversations carelessly and invade people’s space. They commonly ask irrelevant or personal questions and make tactless yet insightful observations regarding people that they should know not to question.

The troubles of ADD/ADHD can cause many problems if not treated with the necessary prescriptions. Children unable to focus or control their actions will often struggle with school, get into trouble with authority and find it hard to make new friends. Treatment can make a tremendous difference in a child’s symptoms. The cure is said to be structure, communication and consistency. Treatment includes behavioral therapy, helping the parent learn about the ailment, proper diet, good exercise regimen, social support and teacher assistance during school hours.

Oppositional Defiant Disorder and Conduct Disorder:
When a child participates in openly uncooperative or hostile behavior in such a high frequency that is distinctly setting the child apart from others when he or she is compared to other people of the same age and developmental level it is called Oppositional Defiant Disorder.

This can drastically affect the child’s social, familial and academic life as the person will carry with them a constant pattern and history or being uncooperative to the point of defiance and hostile towards authority in such a severe way that it can seriously interfere with day to day functioning. Some basic symptoms of ODD can include temper tantrums, excessive arguing, questioning rules, defiant behavior, refusal to comply with reasonable requests and rules, deliberate attempts to annoy or upset people, passing the blame for their bad behavior to others, frequent anger, mean or hateful phrases used while upset, a thirst for revenge and a spiteful attitude towards others.

One to sixteen percent of children and adolescents are afflicted with oppositional defiant disorder. The causes of ODD are not officially known, although social, biological and psychological factors may result in this sort of behavior. Many behaviors of children are mimicry of their parents, guardians or other role models. It is possible that students diagnosed with this disorder have uncooperative parents who would lie about their home life for fear of retribution. Many children hit other children because they see their father hit people and think that is what is common and right. ODD is a common affliction of inmates in the correctional facilities. It is important to note that neither of the last two points is true across the board. Some people are this way naturally.

The treatments of oppositional defiant disorder may include training programs for parents, individual psychotherapy, family psychotherapy, cognitive skills training, social skills training and medication. ODD may exist in collaboration with conditions such as anxiety, ADHD and mood disorders.

Dementia and Delirium:
Delirium is a common effect of many disorders. It is a sudden, differing and usually reclaimable interference of mental function. It is commonly notable by difficulty paying attention, loss of clear thought and wavering levels of awareness. Many drugs can cause temporary delirium. Because of this, doctors often use urine, blood and imaging tests to find the cause. Quickly treating the condition that causes the delirium usually cures the affliction.

Delirium is an abnormal mental state, but not a disease in itself. The term has a specified medical definition, but it is often used to explain many kinds of bewilderment. It often indicates a serious and newly developed issue, primarily in older people. While in a state of delirium people most often need immediate medical attention.

Delirium is a temporary condition so it is hard to calibrate a number explaining how many people have it. It can happen to anyone at any age, but 15 to 50% of people hospitalized over the age of 70 suffer from it. When delirium arises in younger people it is usually caused by drug use or a life-threatening problem.

Admission to a hospital, especially intensive care units, can cause delirium, as drugs are often prescribed to ease pain, it is hard to sleep because there are beeping machines, people talking in the hallways and nurses monitoring patients constantly. Sensory deprivations such as loss of a hearing aid or lack of a clock are also common issues that arise in cases of delirium. It is very common after surgery, possibly because of the stress on the body, the anesthetics and pain relievers.

Drugs such as amphetamines, cocaine, opioids, sedatives, antipsychotics, antidepressants, muscle relaxants, over the counter antihistamines and alcohol are the most common causes of delirium in younger people. Delirium can also be caused by the sudden cessation of drugs that have been taken for a long time. This includes withdrawal from sedatives, alcohol or heroin.

Many things that interfere with the nerve cells of the brain commonly cause this affliction. This includes infection of the brain, such as meningitis or encephalitis. Older people can be affected by infections in other parts of the body. Many find themselves suffering from delirium due to pneumonia or influenza.

The symptoms of delirium can be terrifying to those experiencing it and their loved ones. It usually begins without warning and advances over the mind of a person over the next few hours or days. Delirium may appear to an outsider as the actions of someone who is progressively become more intoxicated. The most prevalent is the delirious person’s inability to concentrate. They commonly have trouble making sense of new information and cannot remember recently passed events. They do not understand the things that are occurring around them. Suddenly becoming confused about time to the extent that they are unsure what year it is a common sign of the onset of delirium. They also may not know where they are or think they are somewhere else. Thoughts become confused and the person may begin to ramble, becoming incoherent at times. They can be overly alert one moment and then absurdly sleepy soon after. People suffering from delirium suffer from insomnia or restless sleep and may even reverse their sleep-wake cycle. If they stay up during the day and sleep at night, they will begin to sleep all day and be awake all night.

They will often have bizarre and frightening hallucinations, referring to and claiming to see people that are not apparent to the other person. Some can develop paranoid thinking and delusions. Their personality may change. They may become very quiet, which is dangerous because nobody will notice that they are delirious. Others tend to become troubled, irate, irritable and restless, commonly pacing around rambling nonsense regarding things that a sober or sane person would not realize.

This can last a long time but it depends of the severity and cause. If the cause is not quickly found and the delirium treated properly, the person may slowly become unresponsive. This is a condition called stupor and it may lead to a coma or death.

Most people with delirium are hospitalized in order to save them from harming themselves or others. The diagnostic procedures can be done there and disorders can be detected and treated. Delirium is a serious disorder than can quickly become fatal, so doctors must quickly identify the cause by distinguishing it from other disorders that could complicate the patient’s mental functions. This is done by checking the medical history, asking friends and family a series of questions, physical examination, and testing.

If the case is accompanied with hallucinations, paranoia, delusions or agitation it must be set apart from a psychosis due to a psychiatric disorder. People suffering from manic-depressive illness or schizophrenia do not have confusion or memory loss and their consciousness does not shift from the overly awake to groggy and uncertain. Psychosis that begins at an old age can be the onset of dementia, but must be checked in case it is delirium.

Etiology is the study of causes. Many branches of knowledge employ etiology but it is most commonly linked with the medical world. In medical research, the emergence and foundation of medical conditions is very important, because this practice can be used to give hints to the types of remedies that could be effective.

The etymology of the word is from the Greek aitia, which means, “cause.” Outside the United States it is commonly spelled as “aetiology” or “aitiology.” These other spellings are mostly a matter of personal preference as it is easy to read any spelling of the word, especially in context.

Understanding etiology can provide an essential part of the treatment of a condition. When a cause for an affliction cannot be found, it is said that the disease is “idiopathic,” which suggests that it has no known etiology. These conditions can be exasperating as it makes it very hard to find the specific nature of the ailment.

Medical researchers rely of etiology heavily. When an epidemic occurs, the more quickly the cause of the outbreak is found, the more quickly it can be snuffed out or controlled. For example, if there were a large number of food-borne illness cases reported, researchers would create a database to compare patients to find a common thread linking the cases together. This helps locate the tainted food so it can be recalled.

Substance Related Disorders:
The two disorders in this category refer to either the abuse or dependence on a substance. The substance in question is anything ingested to make one high. They alter one’s senses and affect peoples reasoning and functioning. The most common substance is alcohol. Other drugs include cocaine, heroin, ecstasy and ketamine. The most abused substances in this category are caffeine and nicotine but are rarely thought of in this manner by the layman.

There is evidence that genetic factors contribute to both addiction and abuse. Some theories discuss people partaking in substances are trying to cover up or attain relief from their problems. Others suggest that it is self-medication to hide and relieve psychosis, in turn making the dependence more of a symptom than disorder.

Substance abuse as a psychiatric disorder starts with a pattern of substance use that creates significant functional impairment. To qualify one of the following must be present in a 12-month period: (1) Repeated use creating a failure to fulfill occupational, educational or familial obligations; (2) Repeated use in situations which are dangerous (3) Significant legal issues resulting for substance use; or (4) Continued use of substances despite major problems with friends and family. The issues do not support the criteria for substance dependence, as abuse is only one part of the disorder. Substance abuse is continued use of a substance even though the user knows that it is harmful. Substance dependence adds withdrawal symptoms and tolerance.

Substance abuse and dependence is hard to treat because it involves abstaining from the substance and will power to change. Some people get over it, but it is up to them for the most part. Most long-term addicts didn’t really want to change or have died.

Polysubstance Dependence:
Polysubstance dependence is listed as a substance dependence disorder in which an addicted person uses a minimum of three different classes of substances whenever available for more than a year and cannot choose any “favorite drug” that qualifies for a dependence on its own.

Tolerance is described as an individual either needing to take increasingly higher doses of a substance in order to receive the same effect or states that someone is finding much less of an effect upon taking the drug over time. It is common for an individual who uses several drugs regularly to find he or she needs to use 50% more to gain the same effect.

Withdrawal explains that an individual will experience symptoms when he or she stops using the drug or will use the drug in order to relieve themselves from withdrawal symptoms. People suffering from polysubstance dependence can also use more of the substance than they had initially planned or use over a longer period of time than they had planned. An addict may begin to use on weekdays as well as weekends.

With these symptoms the individual will sometimes try to cut down on the amount of drug they are using. This is sometimes unsuccessful. An individual could spend much of their time obtaining drugs. Using the substance, being intoxicated and recovering from the trip can sometimes take all the users time. This can interfere with their regularly schedule activities and they can lose touch with their hobbies, friends or occupation.

Young adults between age 18 and 24 have the highest rates for use of any substances. Males are more often diagnosed with substance use disorders.

Classified Substances:
Alcohol is the bane of western man. It is the most common intoxicant as it can be easily found in many stores. Alcohol depresses the central nervous system. The initial reaction may be stimulation but if more alcohol is consumed the effect can be one of sedation. Alcohol lowers your inhibitions, makes the drinker laugh and act with altered thoughts, emotions and judgments, Too much alcohol can affect speech patterns and coordination as it alters vital centers of the brain. A heavy binge on alcohol can result in a life-threatening state, such as coma or overdose.

Opiates are commonly distributed and developed as painkillers and have been used in medicine for a very long time. They are highly addictive and often people that have been initially prescribed opiates from a doctor will develop a habit that entails heavy painkiller use to get rid of the pains of withdrawal. Opium is the root of natural opiates and is a kind of poppy that can is grown in many gardens worldwide. Synthetic opiates have been created to find an alternative to the addictive qualities of natural opiates but generally have the same experience so are also highly addictive and used by opiate addicts as their highs or an alternative to the natural drug.

Cannabis is noted as the first agricultural crop of China and was used worldwide as paper, tough fabric and rope until the early 20th century when it became prohibited to posses. The intoxicating effects are glamorized and acclaimed in the media as an important niche in modern culture and as a result young people often experiment with marijuana. In ancient medicine cannabis was used for many purposes, including pain relief and sedation. There is much mysticism about cannabis use, such as Siddhartha subsisting on one hemp-seed a day for six years before stating “The Six Truths” and becoming the Buddha.

Inhalants are a diverse group volatile substances of which the vapors can be inhaled to produce intoxicating effects. This term is used to describe substances that are rarely ingested in another way. Many of these are not generally considered drugs, as they are not usually manufactured to be inhaled. They include computer duster, spray paint, aerosol spray, glue and lighter fluid. Young children and adolescents are the most common abusers of these substances.

PCP is a synthetic drug that is sold as tablets, capsules or powder. It can be insufflated, smoked or eaten. It was initially created as IV anesthetic but was never approved for use by humans, mostly because of intensely negative psychological side effects. PCP is a disassociative that changes the way a person sees and hears and allowing the user to feel a detachment to the world and its meaning. Users sometimes have feelings that mimic schizophrenia such as delusions, hallucinations and distorted thoughts. PCP use is the drug with the most common incidents of violence while intoxicated by it.

Nicotine is one of the most heavily used addictive drugs and can be found through the use of tobacco. These are extremely harmful to ones health, increasing the chance of many cancers, emphysema, tumors, and bronchial infection. Nicotine can be harder to quit than heroin or cocaine. The carbon monoxide in smoke increases the users chance of cardiovascular diseases.

Cocaine is a very powerful central nervous system stimulant that comes from the coca leaves. It increases the users energy and awareness but may result in paranoia or crazed actions and thoughts. People under the weight of this drug do not always have control of their actions and often spend their entire worth chasing the high. Cocaine is very expensive and many find themselves stealing to support their habit after their cash reserves dry up.

Hallucinogens are a group of drugs that affect the mentality and visual cortex of the user. People may find that the world looks very different after they have taken magic mushrooms, LSD or peyote. Some describe life altering thoughts and experiences and gain insight into other dimensions or spirituality. Many that use hallucinogens often will find themselves delusional as they believe the views and notions developed while in their altered states. Many great minds have heralded the positive portions of such experiences but there are as many arguments against these trips.

Amphetamines were developed as a strong stimulant that could fuel soldiers fighting in World War Two. They commonly result in restlessness, insomnia and delusions of grandeur. With prolonged use they can cause symptoms much like mental illness. Due to the similarity between amphetamines and medication for ADD/ADHD many adolescents that were prescribed medicine in elementary school with try the illicit drug and become addicted to it quickly. These are those that can function better on amphetamines. Delusions and insomnia can create a viewpoint that sleeping less is more productive. This drug can easily turn a calm person violent.

Many hospital visits are a result of the abuse of prescription sedatives, hypnotics and anxiolytics. They are used in therapy to combat the effects of stress, psychosis and insomnia. They slow the central nervous system functioning and can be very dangerous if taken without care.

Caffeine is a very common stimulant found in soda, coffee, tea and some foods. It is not commonly considered a problem substance, but in prolonged use and high doses it can create delirium, insomnia and body aches. There is much research suggesting that caffeine is good for the human body and is natural enough not to be feared.

Complications of Alcoholism:
Excessive drinking can cause reduced judgment and lowered inhibitions, so it seems like a fun thing to do on a Saturday night. It is very commonly abused. It causes many motor vehicle accidents, domestic problems, poor performance at school or work and a higher likelihood of committing violent crimes.

It can also cause vicious health problems. Liver disease such as alcoholic hepatitis, an increase in size of the liver that can be very painful is common. After many years this can develop into irreversible scarring of the liver tissue called cirrhosis. Alcohol can cause an inflammation of the stomach lining that can interfere with the absorption of nutrients. It can also damage the pancreas and heart. It can lead to heart failure and stroke. Alcohol can complicate diabetes because it interferes with the release of glucose from your liver, increasing the risk of hypoglycemia.

Alcoholism can cause weakness and paralysis of eye muscles, birth defects, bone loss and neurological complications such as numbness in hands and feet, distorted thinking, dementia and short-term memory loss. There is also an increased risk of cancer with heavy alcohol use.


Addiction is known as physical and psychological dependence on psychoactive substances that temporarily alter the healthy mix of chemicals in ones brain. Addiction is also considered as a continued involvement with a drug or experience even though there are negative consequences associated with it. Pleasure may have been what the addict was originally seeking but over time the use of the substance or activity is needed just to feel normal. Addiction can mean a dependency on drugs but can also include such activities including but not exclusive to gambling, sex, pornography, food, work, exercise, spiritual obsession, cutting and shopping.

Drug addiction is a primary and chronic disease of the brain’s reward mechanisms. This dysfunction leads to leads to impairment in behavioral control, craving, inability to abstain from the substance and diminished recognition of the noteworthy negative problems within ones personal and professional life. This disease involves cycles of relapse and remission.

Addiction can progress to the point of disability or death.

Theories of Drug Use and Abuse:
It is argued that drug addiction or dependency is a sign of weakness in a person who has no self-control. These people argue that with will power and determination a person can overcome these vices. Others state that when it comes to alcohol and drugs they just could not say “no.” They explain that an addict has compulsive behavior towards substance abuse and that this urge is so strong that it is impossible for them to refuse. Some feel this compulsion is theoretically a disease and should be treated as such.

The gateway theory explains that a young person will progress from a “softer” drug such as marijuana to the use of harder drugs as the person gets involved in the society surrounding drug use. This is possible in theory, but it is argued that that because marijuana is the most widely used drug, users of the heavier drugs have tried it. It is referred to as a “strainer” that catches most users before they turn to “harder” drugs.

Social theories regarding drug use describe that the features of ones external social structure, like friends, family life, occupation, and stress-level, can contribute to observable patterns of drug use. This explains that a child with a heroin addicted mother is much more likely to fall to the ills of heroin addiction and that an adolescent prescribed medication for psychological issues is much more likely to begin using drugs.

Cumulative positive or negative reinforcement from exposure to drugs and other activities can create a mental state in which the addict either feels that it is important to continue to use the drug or that the drug is teaching them something important about the mysteries of the world and this is the subject of psychological theories regarding drug use and addictions. Certain personality types can be experimental, into having the fun of intoxication or interested in the spiritual and societal implications of their addictions.

Some scholars suggest that politics has no place in what a person ingests and what effects they are seeking in their food. These people stand for an end to prohibition, safe injection needle sites and other liberal policies against the drug war.

The psychosocial theories suggest that a person’s disposition, environment and actions are inter-related to develop their proneness to problem behaviors. It has been learned that drug use in universal and there is an innate drive to act in these ways. Humans are born with this drive and it haunts them until they act upon it, and they act upon it until they decide that it is over. We experiment early in life, receiving rewards and punishments for trying in various ways, much like any learning experience. This is why preferred methods are developed and why there is persistence in attempts of that method. The psychosocial processes such as norms and desires shape this.

In general, young users begin in groups that share unique and identifiable characteristics. In these cases drugs are linked to unrelated activities and play an important role describing the group in social situations and within the confines of their friendship. Involvement in a group provides role models and reasons for persistent and escalating use. The group setting reinforces drug use. These small peer clusters define when, where and how the drug will be used.

Schizophrenia is a very debilitating mental illness that can be a sign of genius or troubled mind, but is not usually linked to childhood trauma. In explains a drastic impairment in functioning, including the very serious loss of reality. People suffering a schizophrenic break may think they have been drafted by the NBA, are visiting the queen in her palace, know some sort of information that is dangerous, have authorities searching for them because of assumed situations, think they are a famous member of the media or speak to invisible people out of fear of the visible, amongst many other things.

Delusions are idiosyncratic beliefs or impressions that are maintained despite clear and reasonable arguments against these beliefs by other people. Most times these beliefs are proven untrue and the sufferer will accept that he was misinformed by the consciousness that explained to him the situation he was going through while delusional. Sometimes these are hard to let go of and the sufferer will quietly hold on to them for long periods of time, even years, without note being made of their strange nature. Many times these beliefs are due to a lack of self worth, such as delusions of grandeur of spiritual fame due to the sufferer feeling they are not worthwhile nor have they accomplished anything or feeling they have wronged themselves of others, respectively.

Schizophrenia is a brain disease that is the result of physical and biochemical changes in the brain. It is youth’s greatest disabler as the usual onset is between 15 and 24 years of age. It is treatable with therapy, cooperation and medication. It is common, afflicting one in 100 people worldwide. Schizophrenia is not a split personality. Childhood trauma, bad parenting or poverty does not cause schizophrenia. It is not a result of actions or personal failings of the afflicted individual.

Though common symptoms are disordered thinking, changes in emotions, bizarre behavior, paranoia, delusions, hallucinations and damage to cognitive functions such as short-term memory and executive functioning. It can be difficult for schizophrenics to organize themselves, categorize, prioritize or make decisions. Schizophrenia can be harmful to the sufferers self worth, sometimes with devastating results. 40 to 50% of people with schizophrenia attempt suicide, between 12 and 15% succeed. Because of this, early intervention and immediate treatment for the illness is critical. Evidence now shows that the sooner someone is returned to soundness of mind, the better the prognosis of the illness. Patients with schizophrenia currently occupy 8% of hospital beds, more than any other disorder or medical condition.

There is not yet a cure for schizophrenia. There is only minor treatments and hope. By the help of discoveries in brain research we are finally on the threshold of an entirely new era of understanding. Treatment is much better than it was one hundred years ago, when patients were treated as criminal inmates, castrated, tortured by various methods such as electroshock therapy or sensory deprivation and generally contained from regular society. This is because of the lack of understanding regarded the gifts that schizophrenia can be.

“Compassion follows understanding. It is therefore incumbent on us to understand as best we can… The burden of disease will then become lighter for all.”
-Dr. E. Fuller Torrey

The positive symptoms of schizophrenia include hallucinations, delusions, paranoia and grandiosity. People may hear, see, taste, smell or feel things that are not there. Delusional ideas that are odd and not with what is commonly considered reality are a common symptom. This includes a belief that others can hear their inner thoughts, that people are planning against them or that their activities are being secretly monitored. Schizophrenics can also believe that they can control other people’s minds or that they are a well known historical or media figure. It is common to have to assure someone they are not an important or influential writer, artist, musician, inventor, politician or religious figure. It is also common to feel they are police or military personnel.

The negative symptoms include an affective flattening, marked by diminished psychological responsiveness. This includes fewer expressive indications, changes in facial expression, less eye contact, less vocal inflection and fewer spontaneous gestures. Aloglia is a poorness of speech and topics, a lack of proper flow or spontaneity of exchange or an entire inability to communicate. Avolition is common referred to as apathy and can be associated with social withdrawal. This symptom can come with less care to personal grooming and hygiene and a lack of persistence when finishing activities. Anhedonia explains that an afflicted can begin to have few recreational interests, impairment in personal and sexual relationships and the patient becoming detached and distant from family and friends.

It is also common for a person suffering from schizophrenia to lack motivation. This could be from the delusion aspects of the disease, as they will feel that they have all that they need and have already accomplished great things. They are allowed to take a vacation, as the have invented the clock and they deserve it. It is also common to lack any need for achievement, because of reasons as diverse as the patients themselves. These include religious mandate and lack of self worth.

There are some cognitive symptoms that people diagnosed with schizophrenia suffer from. Disorganized perceptions often make the sufferer have a hard time making sense of everyday sights, sounds and feelings. Perceptions can become distorted in such a way that ordinary things can become distracting of scary. There is extra angst from background noises, colors and shapes.

Schizophrenia may also cause people to move slowly, repeat rhythmic movements and make ritualistic gestures. In severe cases the person can become catatonic – to stop speaking or moving completely and hold a fixed position for long periods of time. Trouble understanding language or communicating back in coherent sentences can result in “word salad,” or odd word associations. There is also common disorganized behavior like short-term memory loss and lack of organizational skills that make planning and decision-making takes very difficult.

There are four subtypes of schizophrenia. Paranoid schizophrenia explains an organized system of delusions that stand for something for the sufferer. They are thoroughly discovered and explained, sometimes in mind-numbing detail. This will include theories that they are being persecuted for something or that the end times are coming. Disorganized schizophrenia explains that the primary disturbance is of hygiene or other self care habits and the ability to communicate using language. Catatonic schizophrenia explains a primary malfunction of motor skills, either to excessive and agitated movement or towards the sufferer becoming paralyzed. Undifferentiated schizophrenia is the sub-type in which the doctor or authority is unable to classify the sort of illness into the other sub-type groups.

Schizophrenia Related Disorders:
A brief psychotic disorder is defined as a short psychotic episode lasting between one day and one month, with an eventual return to normal functioning. Some data states that there is an increased incidence of mood disorders in families of patients who have at some point suffered from brief psychotic disorder. It is possible that these psychotic disorders occur due to deficient coping mechanisms. It could be a defense against a fantasy that has been prohibited by the sufferer. It could also be an escape from a specific uncomfortable situation or overwhelming circumstances. Neither biological nor psychological theories have been confirmed by controlled clinical studies.
In the United States a brief psychotic disorder is not common. Only 9% of first-admission patients with psychoses experienced this disorder. Only 7% experienced acute brief psychoses. Internationally, incidences of brief psychotic disorder increase 10 times higher in developing countries when compared to industrialized ones. Some clinicians state that this disorder occurs most frequently in people from low socioeconomic classes, patients with preexisting personality disorders and people from other countries.

As with many other psychiatric disorders, incidence and risk of harm to self or others increases with acute incidences of brief psychotic disorder. Incidences of this disorder are twice as high in females than with males. This ailment is most common in people in the age range of late 30s and 40s. Cases have also been recognized in later life.

Schizophreniform disorder is explained by the presence of some of the symptoms of schizophrenia but all symptoms included it last only one to six months. To establish a diagnosis for this disorder, at least two of the following three symptoms must be present for the better part of one month, though if successfully treated it can take less time. The three symptoms are delusions or hallucinations, disorganized speech or negative behavior symptoms, such as affective flattening, algolia or avolition. Only one criterion is needed if the delusions are outlandish or if the patient hears two of more voices discussing topics with each other. The ailment must not be the direct effect of any substance.

Like schizophrenia, schizophreniform disorder is equally common in both men and women. The peak onset occurs between 18-24 years of age for men and 24-35 for women. With schizophrenia, the symptoms develop over a number of years before clinical diagnosis. This is unlike schizophreniform disorder, which requires rapid onset of symptoms towards schizophrenia to occur within 6 months. Nearly two thirds of patients that develop this disorder eventually develop schizophrenia.

Delusional disorder is an illness in which the sufferer experiences nonbizarre delusions but does not have other mood of psychotic symptoms. Nonbizzare explains that these delusions are regarding situations that could happen in real life, such as having an infection, being mislead by a spouse, unrequited love or being watched by authorities. Despite significant delusions, sufferers of this disorder keep their psychosocial abilities unimpaired. Because of this they rarely seek psychiatric help and are more likely to take their unfounded ideas to lawyers, policemen, surgeons or dermatologists, depending on their specific delusion.

To be diagnosed with delusional disorder the sufferer must have delusions that are theoretically possible in real life yet the criteria for schizophrenia have not been met. Functioning is not impaired and behavior is not remarkably odd. If mood disorders occur with delusions, they occur only briefly when compared against the entire length of the delusional periods. The disturbance cannot be directly related to the use of a drug of abuse or medication. The subtypes are erotomanic, grandiose, jealous, persecutory, somatic, mixed and unspecified.

Schizoaffective disorder is difficult to diagnose accurately. It is explained as “the presence of psychosis in the absence of mood changes for at least two weeks in a patient who has a mood disorder.” Some people may have symptoms of depressive disorders and schizophrenia, or schizophrenia without mood disorders.

The term is used when the individual does not entirely fit the criteria for either schizophrenia or mood disorders such as bi-polar disorder of depression. Many people are initially diagnosed as bi-polar and if the delusions and hallucinations go away in less than two weeks, bi-polar may be the proper recognition. Someone who encounters psychosis for three or four weeks in a manic state does not have schizoaffective disorder. If delusions continue after the mood is stabilized and they continue to exhibit the other symptoms of schizophrenia such as paranoia, catatonia, thought disorders or bizarre behavior then schizoaffective disorder may be the correct diagnosis. Because it is so difficult to diagnose and complicated, mistakes is clinical diagnosis are common.

Mood Disorders:
There are three major categories of mood disorders that entail highly elevated moods. They are Bipolar I, Bipolar II and cyclothymia.

Bipolar I disorder is considered one of the most severe forms of mental illness and is characterized by recurring episodes of mania and depression. It is a life-long disease that seems to run in families. If one parent has bipolar I disorder there is a 25% chance the offspring will develop a mood disorder such as bipolar I or II or major depressive disorder. If both parents have bipolar I disorder, their child will have a 50-75% chance of becoming stricken with a mood disorder. There is a slight chance that a biological relative of those with Bipolar I will be diagnosed with a mood disorder.

Environmental factors such as the use of medication, electroconvulsive therapy and stimulants can trigger mania. It is also caused by certain illnesses such as multiple sclerosis, brain tumors and hyperthyroidism. Giving birth sometimes causes mania, as well as sleep deprivation and major stress or trauma in life.

In adults, mania is most likely seen as an elevation of mood and increased energy and activity. In children can be a side effect of irritability, anxiety and depression. When the mania backs away the sufferer falls to depression, which is shown by the lowering of the mood and decreased energy and activity. During a mixed episode a convalescent can be up and down all day, experiencing episodes of both mania and depression.

Bipolar I is associated with other mental disorders. Comorbidity is the rule, not the exception. It is most commonly associated with alcoholism, drug addiction, anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and social phobia.

Bipolar II is similar to bipolar I, but the highs never reach full-blown mania. These less-intense mood swings are termed hypomania. Most people will also suffer from times of depression. The symptoms of hypomania are famous for people being overly positive, as if they are the life of the party. They may take intense interest is other people’s lives and infect others with their great mood. But these symptoms may cause risky behavior, such as sleeping with people they normally wouldn’t or spending money they cannot afford to spend. Untreated, these symptoms can last anywhere between a couple of days and a few years.

After the hypomania subsides, people with bipolar II often experience severe depressive episodes. This can happen soon after or much later and is a defining property of bipolar II disorder. Some people switch back and forth between mania and depression quickly, while others have long periods of normal moods between their episodes. The depressive episodes are very similar to clinical depression, with an intense sadness, general loss of delight, low energy, lethargy and feelings of shame or worthlessness. These symptoms usually last weeks or months but have been documented lasting for years.

Cycothymic disorder is a chronic condition typified by many hypomanic episodes and many periods of deep depression over the course of at least 2 years. During this period, the states in which the sufferer is symptom free may not take longer than two months. These states are not attributed to a medical condition, substance abuse or a psychotic disorder. This diagnosis can change to bipolar I is the sufferer experiences a full-blown manic episode and can change to bipolar II if the sufferer experiences a severe depressive episode. There must be complications socially, occupationally or other serious functioning as a result of the sufferer’s mood disturbance.

The major criteria for a manic episode include insomnia, delusions of grandeur, unreasonable loquaciousness, flight of ideas making it hard to focus, increase in goal directed activity and the excessive involvement in pleasurable activities that put the person at risk for painful consequences.

Mood Disorders With Exclusively Negative Episodes:
Major depressive disorder and dysthymia are use to describe a person’s depressed conditions if they have no history of manic, mixed or hypomanic episodes. These are not caused by a medical condition, substance abuse or psychotic episodes. If mania develops then the diagnosis is changed to bipolar disorder. People with these disorders commonly have more pain or illness and decrease social functioning. Alcoholism and substance abuse dramatically aggravate the illness and are frequently related to the disorders. Major depressive disorder is often preceded by dysthymic disorder and in these cases the risk of the patient also suffering from panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and emotionally unstable personality disorder.

Laboratory tests explain that sleep abnormalities occur in 40-60% of outpatients and 90% or inpatients suffering from major depressive disorder. The most successive of these abnormalities are a reduction of rapid eye movement latency, increased rapid eye movement density, reduced slow-wave sleep and impairment in continuous sleep. In some patients, hormonal disorders such as blunted growth and thyroid-stimulating hormones have been observed.

Major depressive disorder can begin in an individual at any age but is usually found by the time the patient is their mid 20s. Many people have isolated episodes with several years without any depressive symptoms. Others will have clusters of episodes. It is common to have increasingly frequented episodes, as the sufferer grows older. There is hope for those with this disorder, as 40% will have no mood disorder after one year of treatment and 20% will be partially recovered. Still 40% will have symptoms that are strong enough to still consider them major depressive episodes.

Dysthymia is a depressive mood disorder of a long-term course and an underhanded onset. Many people suffering from this characterize it as a life-long depression. It is a mood disorder that stifles the sufferer’s spirit for at least 2 years in adults and 1 year in adolescents and children. Dysthymia is demonstrated as a depression for most of the day, occurring most days, and supplemented with at least 2 other symptoms such as poor appetite, overeating, insomnia, hypersomnia, fatigue, low self-worth, difficulty making decisions and feeling forlorn. For major depressive disorder, there needs to be five or more symptoms similar to those necessary to qualify for dysthymic disorder. Because of this, it is traditionally considered to be less serious than major depressive disorder.